Check These 5 Types Of Irrigation Systems in Zimbabwe

Irrigation is essential to support agricultural crop growth. Relying on rain is not practical, especially in Zimbabwe where rainfall can be both unreliable and insufficient. 

However, overwatering can be just as detrimental to crop growth, so choosing the right irrigation system is one of the most important steps in setting up a successful farming operation.
5 Types Of Irrigation Systems Irrigation
5 Types Of Irrigation Systems Irrigation
The goal of irrigation is to encourage plant growth while minimising soil erosion and water loss. To choose the right irrigation system you will need to have a knowledge of soil, equipment, plant species and land formation.

These are 5 of the most common types of irrigation systems:


1. Drip Irrigation Systems: Commonly used in orchards, vineyards and high-value vegetable crops, drip irrigation systems consist of a network of tubes that have small holes or emitters. They can be placed above or below the soil’s surface and slowly drip water into the soil over long periods.

Advantages include:

  • Uses 30–50% less water than other systems.
  • Prevents soil erosion and nutrient runoff.
  • Continuous flow allows water to penetrate deep into the soil and down to the roots.
  • Controls fungal growth.
  • Easy to modify.


2. Sprinkler Irrigation: In sprinkler irrigation systems, water flows through a series of pipes and is delivered in a fine spray to specific areas. Micro sprinklers are particularly effective for tree crops. They also use less water and are cheaper to run.

Advantages include:

  • Affordable and easy to set up.
  • Allows even distribution of water.
  • Easy to covers large areas.
  • Water at your chosen time of day to minimise evaporation.


3. Centre Pivot Irrigation: A centre pivot irrigation system is self-propelled and works with the use of a central pipe with outlets rotating around a central pivot point. It works like the sprinkler irrigation system, but it is much bigger and is supported by steel or aluminium towers.

Advantages include:

  • Water is distributed evenly.
  • Covers large areas in a short period of time.
  • Prevents water runoff.
  • Operates at a lower pressure saving energy.


4. Furrow Irrigation Systems: Furrow irrigation is a form of surface irrigation where small parallel channels are created and filled with water. Crops are grown on the ridges between the channels. 
5 Types Of Irrigation Systems Irrigation
Check These 5 Types Of Irrigation Systems in Zimbabwe
Furrow irrigation is suitable for a wide range of crops, especially row crops like corn, sunflower, sugarcane and soybean and those that would be damaged by floodings like tomatoes and beans.

Advantages include:

  • Usually results in a higher yield.
  • Low installation cost.
  • Saves time and labour.
  • Saves money on water.

5. Terraced Irrigation: Terrace irrigation is an ancient agriculture practice that still exists today, generally in mountainous regions. A series of steps are cut into the sloped land so that when it rains, the water flows down from the top step down to the succeeding steps retaining the soil nutrients as it goes.

Advantages include:

  • Manages water runoff.
  • Prevents soil runoff.
  • Improves soil fertility.
  • Improves land productivity.

If you are in need of a reliable irrigation system, contact Nakiso Borehole Drilling for outstanding service, quality irrigation systems and great value for money. Simply give us a call on +263 78 860 8009 and we will advise you on the Irrigation Systems in Zimbabwe that best suit your Installation requirements and Budget.


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Five Facts About Borehole Drilling That You Need To Take Note Of:
1. Know Your Borehole Casings:The Preferred Borehole Casing In Zimbabwe Is Class 9 and 10 (Pressure Classes.)This is because Class 9 and Class 10 Casings are more collapse resistant. The strength of a Casing is often described as collapse resistance.

2. Borehole Drilling Depth: The exact depth, of where the water is located, cannot be established by the drilling contractor nor the Water Surveyor (Borehole Siter).

3. The Is No 100% Guarantee On Water: It is important to note that it is never a 100% guarantee that any hole will yield water, the amount and water quality can also not be guaranteed by the drilling contractor and water surveyor.

4. Borehole Siting or Water Surveying Is Important: Making use of a hydrologist or traditional water diviner will increase your chances of having a successful borehole that will yield a sufficient amount of water.

5. Know The Risks: The risk of the borehole drilling lies with the property owner. The client will still be liable for the drilling costs irrespective of a borehole yielding water or not.

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Nakiso Borehole Drilling has experience and knowledgeable workforce to work on any type of installation. From solar powered, electrical and manual pump installation, we do it all under one roof. Nakiso Borehole Drilling covers borehole siting, drilling and installation of pumps.