Women, Water and The Cycle Of Poverty!

Collectively, women and girls spend 200 million hours fetching water every day. That’s according to a recent Unicef study, which also characterized the figure as a “colossal waste of time.”

More than two billion people worldwide don’t have clean water available at home. In fact, for hundreds of millions of people, the nearest water source is at least 30 minutes away. Because the task of fetching water almost always falls to women and girls, they frequently spend hours each day just travelling to and from the nearest water source.

ONE STUDY SHOWED THAT SCHOOL ATTENDANCE INCREASED BY 12% WHEN WATER WAS AVAILABLE WITHIN 15 MINUTES OF HOME.

For some, this problem is actually getting worse. Freshwater is becoming increasingly scarce In many parts of the world, due to changes in climate and pressure from growing populations. The UN estimates that in less than ten years 1.8 billion people will live in areas where there won’t be enough water. 
Women, Water and The Cycle Of Poverty!

If current patterns continue, this will disproportionately impact women and girls who will be forced to spend increasing amounts of time and energy searching for and retrieving water.

A LOST OPPORTUNITY:

Imagine what more you could achieve if you were able to free up one, two, or even six hours in your day, every day. For many women and girls, the hours spent fetching water come at a high cost — less time spent studying, working in the fields, or running their own small businesses.

THE TYPICAL JERRY CAN THAT MANY WOMEN USE HOLDS FIVE GALLONS — THAT’S 40 POUNDS WHEN FULL.


One study showed that school attendance increased by 12% when water was available within 15 minutes of home. And when women are busy fetching water, they have less time to work and earn money. This keeps many women — and their families — trapped in a cycle of poverty, unable to earn and save the money they need to achieve a brighter future.

IMPACT ON PHYSICAL HEALTH:

Fetching water is also a physically demanding task, which can take a huge toll on the body over time. A typical jerry can (which many women use to carry water) holds five gallons — that’s 40 pounds when full. Women will either hold the can or, more commonly, balance it on their heads. If carrying 40 pounds of water on your head sounds painful, that’s because it is — especially if you’re a young girl. Many women report developing back and spinal pain over time.

Women also often get less sleep, as the hours spent fetching water cut into the time they have for other household and family tasks, leading them to stay up later just to keep up.

WHAT CONCERN IS DOING ABOUT IT:

Women and girls are at the heart of everything Concern do — especially when it comes to water. Concern’s water, sanitation & hygiene (WASH) programming builds wells and boreholes in communities so women and girls don’t have to walk for miles to fetch water. During periods of drought or conflict, we truck water into vulnerable communities. 
Women, Water and The Cycle Of Poverty!
Concern also teaches good sanitation and hygiene habits, such as handwashing, so that communities stay healthy and children don’t miss school.


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Five Facts About Borehole Drilling That You Need To Take Note Of:
1. Know Your Borehole Casings:The Preferred Borehole Casing In Zimbabwe Is Class 9 and 10 (Pressure Classes.)This is because Class 9 and Class 10 Casings are more collapse resistant. The strength of a Casing is often described as collapse resistance.

2. Borehole Drilling Depth: The exact depth, of where the water is located, cannot be established by the drilling contractor nor the Water Surveyor (Borehole Siter).

3. The Is No 100% Guarantee On Water: It is important to note that it is never a 100% guarantee that any hole will yield water, the amount and water quality can also not be guaranteed by the drilling contractor and water surveyor.

4. Borehole Siting or Water Surveying Is Important: Making use of a hydrologist or traditional water diviner will increase your chances of having a successful borehole that will yield a sufficient amount of water.

5. Know The Risks: The risk of the borehole drilling lies with the property owner. The client will still be liable for the drilling costs irrespective of a borehole yielding water or not.

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